Districts of Ankara
Apart from the popular districts of Ankara that you can visit such as Kizilay , Altindag , Cankaya , Beypazari , Kecioren , Etimesgut , Kizilcahamam and Golbasi ; the city has many other smaller districts.
YenimahalleThis district is within the city and the attractions here indicate the rich history of this area which includes the Akkopru Bridge built in 1222 by Ala’addin Keykubat that has four large arches and three smaller ones and is on the old Bagdat Commercial Road over the Ankara Creek.
AkyurtThis area is 33km from the city centre and known to have been occupied since the Early Bronze Age until the 14th century. There is a large burial mound (tumulus) 15m high and 200-300m in diameter standing 1km northeast of the village of Balıkhisar that belongs to a settlement from the 3rd millennium BC (Bronze Age).
AyasThis area is 58km from the city and renowned for its thermal springs. The Karakaya thermal springs are 23km west of Ayas and the radioactive water and the mineral drinking water are known for their beneficial properties in aiding those with ill-health. Ayas’s natural resources also include the vineyards of Karadere, Ova, Ariklari and Kirazdibi.
BalaThis town and district is 67km southeast of Ankara and stands on a high plain that is hot and dry in summer and cold and snowy in winter. 30km away and within the borders of Bala is Beynam National Park which is a very popular place for picnics and recreation for the residents of Ankara as well as the local people.
The Tekke Highlands10km from the city are the Egriova Highlands, whose most interesting sites include a lake and geological structures that resemble “fairy chimneys” and can be found around the village of Dereli.
CamlidereThis area is 108km northwest of Ankara and has a mosque dating from the Selçuk era in the nearby town of Pecenek where you will also find graves and settlements from the Byzantine period.
Cubuk39km from the city centre is the ruined castle at Aktepe and the Carved Rock (Oyulu Kaya) grave in the village of Karadana which are remains from a Hittite settlement. The area went on to be governed by the Phrygian’s, Galatian’s, Persian’s, Roman’s, Byzantine’s and Selçuk’s and was also an important place for the Ottoman Empire. You will also find popular picnic and recreational spots around Cubuk Dam and Lake Karagol.
Elmadag41km from the centre of Ankara, this area was ruled by the Phrygians, Lydian’s, Persian’s and Roman’s and the patterns and styles of the locally hand woven carpets, rugs and bags date back to the Selçuk era. Carpets are still made today in the villages of Tekke and Akcaali, whilst rugs and bags are continued to be hand-woven in the villages of Deliler, Hasanoglan, Karacahasan and Kayadibi keeping the tradition and cultural roots alive.
EvrenLocated 178km from Ankara, its history dates from the Hittite era and there is a burial mound (tumulus) 2km from there on the Evren-Sariyahsi road where ceramic artefacts were found dating from the 1st millennium AD. 2km southwest of Catalpinar Village is Sigircik Castle that dates to late Byzantine and Ottoman times.
Gudul89km northwest of Ankara, Gudul has a history that goes back to 3000 BC, and evidence from a Hittite settlement have been found in the huge caves along Kirmir Creek that flows through this area.
Haymana73km from Ankara are the world famous Haymana Thermal Springs that have been used as far back as the Hittite period. These springs were repaired during Roman times, and a town, whose ruins can still be seen, was established 1.5km east of here that eventually became a therapy centre.
Kalecik71km from Ankara, this district is believed to have been a settlement in the early Chalcolithic Period between 3500-4000 BC. Famous sites here include the Hasbey, Saray and Tabakhane Mosques, the Tombs of Kazancibaba and Alisoglu. Also of interest are the Kalecik Castle and Develioglu Bridge that crosses over the Kizilirmak River.
Karzan45km from the city centre and the excavations that were carried out here have revealed a number of historical relics showing there have been several different civilisations settled in the area although it is not known when it was first established.
NallihanLocated 161km from Ankara and with a similar history to the surrounding towns, Nallihan was established in 1599 when Grand Vizier Nasuhpaşa built a han here. The roof of the han is 3,000 square metres but unfortunately in bad disrepair and there is a mosque and Turkish Bath dating from the same period. The Uluhan mosque in Uluhan (Kostebek) Village was built in the 17th century and is a valuable historical structure.
Polatli78km from Akara it was established around 3,000 BC, its centre and surrounding area was known as Gordion and was the largest Phrygian city in the world. Gordion was ruled by the Hittites, Phrygian’s, Persian’s, Roman’s and Byzantine’s and seized in 1516 by the Ottoman Sultan, Yavuz Selim. 20km northwest of Polatli is the village of Yassihoyuk and considered to be the birth place of history as there are 86 burial mounds (tumulus) and royal burial sites in the area along with relics from the city.
Sereflikochisar148km from Ankara the area was first settled from 1300-1400 BC. During Seljuk times there was a castle on the hill next to the town with another castle higher up on a second hill. The Salt Lake, the second biggest in Turkey, can also be found in the area. To the north is the Hirfanli Dam and lake which provides water for the region and for the fish farms that are there. These and Kursunlu Mosque, Kochisar Castle and Parasian Castle are popular tourist attractions.
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