Land Walls from Topkapi to Ayvansaray
Tekfur PalaceThis is also where the famous 18th century pottery was established and made what is known as Tekfur Palace tiles and ceramics. The far north section of land walls beyond Tekfur Palace were rebuilt between the 7th and 12th centuries and it is not obvious what the exact route the earlier walls were taking.
Construction of WallsThe walls immediately beyond the Tekfur Palace were rebuilt when Manuel Comnenos
Churches inside the Istanbul City WallsIstanbul has a total of 96 Greek Orthodox churches, one is owned privately, twelve are in cemeteries, ten are attached to monasteries, and seven represent other churches that are recognised by law. Fifty three of them were constructed before the Tanzımat Act and forty two were built immediately after it. St. Mary of the Mongols church is the only one that has survived unchanged since the Byzantine era.
Inside the walls from Topkapi to Ayvansaray, there are two 19th century churches; one is Armenian and dedicated to Surp Nikoğos dating back to 1620, although the church you see today was rebuilt in 1831, and the Greek Orthodox church dedicated to Hagios Nikolaos also rebuilt in 1831 but originates from 16th century.
Emin Baba TekkeCrossing the road from Edirnekapı you will find the Emin Baba Tekke that was originally constructed for the Islamic Bektaşı sect. It was almost completely rebuilt in 1997 although it had earlier undergone extensive repairs by order of Pertevniyal Valide Sultan who was the mother of Sultan Abdülaziz. There are some very unusual grey memorial pillar/columns in the graveyard behind the building.
Gazi Ahmed Pasa MosqueInside the walls is the Gazi (Kara) Ahmed Pasa Mosque, another superb design by Mimar Sinan , built for this Grand Vizier to Suleyman the Magnificent and dates back to 1554. It has some excellent late period Iznik tiles and the porticoed courtyard is a lovely peaceful place to sit and get away from this busy part of the city.
Tomb of Gazi Ahmed PasaGazi (Kara) Ahmed Pasa’s tomb is outside of the mosque on Millet Caddesi Road and a short walk from here will bring you to the small Kurkcubasi Mosque , built in the 16th century, that has an interesting porch incorporating capitals taken from old Roman columns and the minaret has a sundial, albeit scratched and somewhat faded.
Tombs of Adnan Menderes and Turgut OzalOutside on Vatan Caddesi (Road) are the monumental modern tombs of Adnan Menderes (1899-1961) who was Turkey’s first democratic prime minister and was hanged after the 1960 military coup and Turgut Ozal (1927-1993) the prime minister responsible for modernising and re-opening Turkey to the outside world, his tomb is the one with the metal ball at the top. The river Lycus once flowed where the Vatan Caddesi (Road) is today.
Some of the other historic places worth visiting, situated inside the Istanbul Land Walls are:
Cannon or Topkapi Gate
Gate of Wooden Circus
Crooked Gate or Egrikapi
Takkeci Ibrahim Aga Mosque
Ivaz Efendi Mosque
Dungeon of Anemas
Maiden's Tower or Kizkulesi
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Fried Calamari - Seafood Mezes
Pogaca with Feta Cheese Filling - Pastries
Tea Time Pastry
Pursley with Olive Oil - Vegetable Courses
Spiced Mutton Liver (Arnavut Cigeri) - Meat Mezes
Stuffed Kale Rolls with Minced Beef - Red Meat Courses
Turkish Minced Beef Pide - Red Meat Courses