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Sultan Selim Mosque Istanbul

Sultan Selim Mosque Istanbul
This austere but elegant mosque decorated with Iznik tiles was built by Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent for his father Yavuz Selim (Selim the Grim) and it’s believed the work was initiated on the site by Selim himself before he died.

Selim the Grim

Selim the Grim was given this name because of his reputation of executing anyone that annoyed him and he is likened to England’s Henry VIII. During his reign of eight years he had eight Grand Vizier’s, all of whom he executed and it was rumoured he assassinated his own father Beyazıd II to aid his succession to the throne, and it is fact that he had his brothers and nephews executed to stop any challenges to his sovereignty.

Sultan Selim Mosque

The mosque design is thought to be that of Mimar Sinan although
there is no record of this in the ‘Tezkere’ which is the official list of his works. Sultan Selim reign was from 1512 to 1520 and in that time he doubled the size of the Ottoman Empire and his tomb, which was designed by Sinan, can be seen in the mosque’s grounds. Le Corbusier (1887-1965) a Swiss French architect who was very impressed with the mosque wrote “the suave melody of very gentle forms” which is very true of the mosque’s simple architecture. The views from the mosque’s terraces over the Golden Horn are stunning. Selim was the first Ottoman to declare himself Caliph, the worldwide head of Islamic congregations and a title that was used by his successors up to Prince Abdulmecid Efendi who was deposed during the Turkish War of Independence.

Tomb of Sultan Abdulmecid

Close by is the tomb of Sultan Abdulmecid (1839-1861) that was designed by Garabet Balyan who came from a talented family of architects who had before designed the Dolmabahce Palace .

Location

Sultan Selim Mosque is situated in Carsamba district of Fatih .
 

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