Smyrna History of Izmir
During Torjan, Aeolian and Ionian EraThe history of Izmir ( Smyrna ) stretches back to around 3,000 BC when Trojans established the city of Tepekule in the northern suburb of Bayrakli ; the Aeolians were the first to settle here, then the Ionians took over from them, with the Lydians next and who destroyed the city in 600 BC, after which it made a short recovery on the arrival of Alexander the Great in 334 BC.
After Alexander’s death, and following his wishes, his generals re-established Smyrna on Mount Pagos in Kadifekale and the city went on to flourish under Roman rule.
Smyrna is also believed to be the birthplace of Homer who lived here in the 8th century BC.
During the Formation of TurkeyAfter the First World War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, permission was granted to Greece to enter the Izmir district which was greatly opposed by Ataturk’s nationalists and a three-day bloody battle ensued in which 70% of the city was burnt down and thousands of people killed. The Greeks finally departed on ships waiting for them and Ataturk officially took Izmir back on September 9, 1922, which is today considered the day of victory in the War of Independence and is now a national holiday.
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