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Smyrna History of Izmir

Smyrna History of Izmir

During Torjan, Aeolian and Ionian Era

The history of Izmir ( Smyrna ) stretches back to around 3,000 BC when Trojans established the city of Tepekule in the northern suburb of Bayrakli ; the Aeolians were the first to settle here, then the Ionians took over from them, with the Lydians next and who destroyed the city in 600 BC, after which it made a short recovery on the arrival of Alexander the Great in 334 BC.
After Alexander’s death, and following his wishes, his generals re-established Smyrna on Mount Pagos in Kadifekale and the city went on to flourish under Roman rule.

During Byzantine and Ottoman Era

After an earthquake in 178 AD destroyed the city it was reconstructed and went on to become a major commercial port.
When the Byzantine rule ended the city experienced turbulent periods under the control of Arabs, Seljuks, Crusaders and Mongols, and this went on until 1415 when the Ottoman ruler Mehmet I seized the city. Smyrna became a prosperous and sophisticated place and had a huge trading centre even though it suffered numerous earthquakes, it was multinational with Greek Orthodox, Jews, Muslims and many different languages being spoken by locals and visiting tradesmen.

Smyrna
is also believed to be the birthplace of Homer who lived here in the 8th century BC. 

During the Formation of Turkey

After the First World War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, permission was granted to Greece to enter the Izmir district which was greatly opposed by Ataturk’s nationalists and a three-day bloody battle ensued in which 70% of the city was burnt down and thousands of people killed. The Greeks finally departed on ships waiting for them and Ataturk officially took Izmir back on September 9, 1922, which is today considered the day of victory in the War of Independence and is now a national holiday.  

Izmir Photos

Historic Izmir Photo Gallery

Aerial Photos Of Izmir Turkey

Guzelyali Izmir

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Meyhane Sisim Izmir

Izmir Night Gallery

Turkey Property For Sale

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3 Bedroom 3 Bathroom Apartments

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2 Bedroom Apartment in Marmaris

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2 Bedrooms in Diamond Apartments

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Villa in the Most Luxurious

Turkish Food Recipes

Roasted Red Pepper Cheese Rolls - Vegetable Mezes

Cold Meze

Fried Aubergine with Yogurt Sauce - Vegetable Mezes

Cold Meze

Carrots with Yogurt - Yogurt Mezes

Cold Meze

Envelope Shaped Cheese Pastries - Pastries

Tea Time Pastry

Meatballs in Egg Sauce - Main Course

Potato Mucver - Hot Meze

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