Izmir Info

izmir Guide

Agamemnon Baths Balcova

Thermal SPA

Universal Ege Saglik Hospital

Hospitals

Odemis Museum

Museums

Sky Bar

Bars - Pubs

Water Supplies DSI 2. Bolge

Utilities

Smyrna History of Izmir

Smyrna History of Izmir

During Torjan, Aeolian and Ionian Era

The history of Izmir ( Smyrna ) stretches back to around 3,000 BC when Trojans established the city of Tepekule in the northern suburb of Bayrakli ; the Aeolians were the first to settle here, then the Ionians took over from them, with the Lydians next and who destroyed the city in 600 BC, after which it made a short recovery on the arrival of Alexander the Great in 334 BC.
After Alexander’s death, and following his wishes, his generals re-established Smyrna on Mount Pagos in Kadifekale and the city went on to flourish under Roman rule.

During Byzantine and Ottoman Era

After an earthquake in 178 AD destroyed the city it was reconstructed and went on to become a major commercial port.
When the Byzantine rule ended the city experienced turbulent periods under the control of Arabs, Seljuks, Crusaders and Mongols, and this went on until 1415 when the Ottoman ruler Mehmet I seized the city. Smyrna became a prosperous and sophisticated place and had a huge trading centre even though it suffered numerous earthquakes, it was multinational with Greek Orthodox, Jews, Muslims and many different languages being spoken by locals and visiting tradesmen.

Smyrna
is also believed to be the birthplace of Homer who lived here in the 8th century BC. 

During the Formation of Turkey

After the First World War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, permission was granted to Greece to enter the Izmir district which was greatly opposed by Ataturk’s nationalists and a three-day bloody battle ensued in which 70% of the city was burnt down and thousands of people killed. The Greeks finally departed on ships waiting for them and Ataturk officially took Izmir back on September 9, 1922, which is today considered the day of victory in the War of Independence and is now a national holiday.  

Izmir Photos

Pergamon Ruins

Guzelyali Izmir

Alsancak

Agora Shopping Center

Agora of Smyrna Izmir

Izmir

Turkey Property For Sale

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Turkish Food Recipes

Stuffed Peppers with Minced Beef - Red Meat Courses

Main Course

Chestnut Soup - Soup

Leeks with Carrots and Olive Oil - Vegetable Courses

Main Course

Crispy Pastry - Pastries

Tea Time Pastry

Pilaf with Chickpeas - Rice & Pasta Dishes

Main Course

Crispy Pastry with Potato - Pastries

Tea Time Pastry

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