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Marmaris Fort and Archaeology Museum

Marmaris Fort and Archaeology Museum
Historian Herodotus wrote that the first city walls of Marmaris (Physkos) were built in 3,000 BC and at that time was a city of Karia with a passage way between the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, just as it is today.

Marmaris Harbour in History

Marmaris Harbour remained an important trade route to Rhodes and Egypt through many ages.
 The 19th century researcher, Charles Texier, said the fort was a work of art dominating the Physkos Gulf and whose ruins were found on the Fineks Mountains. Alexander the Great seized Marmaris in 334 BC and had the fort repaired because of its strategic importance.

Construction of Marmaris Fort

Evliya Çelebi, the 17th century travel writer who visited Mugla , made the only written reference about the construction of the fort and its surrounding area stating that Kanuni Sultan Suleyman ( Suleyman the Magnificent ) ordered the repair of the fort before his Rhodes campaign and that he used it as a base during that time, also that the fort was constructed mostly of rock, with four emplacements, having 122m high walls made of smooth stone, rooms for each warden, imam, mosque caretaker and guardians with an inscription over the entrance door.

Although other famous history writers such as Celaloğlu Mustafa wrote of the Marmaris days of Suleyman and his army, the Rhodes campaign and his return to Istanbul, making no reference to the fort and in the “Navy Book” by Piri Reis, he wrote about Marmaris Harbour in great detail and of other forts in the Mediterranean but there is no mention of Marmaris Fort. Therefore, and from this information, it is believed the fort was built by Süleyman, whose reign began in 1520, on his return from the Rhodes campaign.

Hafiza Caravanserai

The Hafıza Caravansary is located at the entrance of a narrow street with steps leading into the fort and has a rectangular shape with seven small rooms and one large that are covered in arches. The fort was inhabited by local people from the beginning of pre-Republic times until recently and inside there are 18 dwellings, a fountain and cistern.  There is an inscription above the door entrance stating it was constructed in 1545 which supports the belief the fort and the caravansary were built after the Rhodes campaign. A significant part of the fort was destroyed in 1914 during the First World War when the French fired cannon balls from a destroyer into it.

Marmaris Archaeology Museum

The historical fort is located at the highest point at the back of the Yacht Harbour and underwent restoration from 1980 to 1990 and the museum housed inside opened in 1991.
The museum has seven enclosed areas, a cradle vaulted entrance that opens into an inner garden and the steps to the right and left of the courtyard access the city walls.
Two of the enclosed areas are the Archaeology Halls where you will find stone opuses taken from the region, amphora dating from Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times, candles, bottles, figurines made of baked soil, various pots and glass opuses, ends of arrows, coins and ornaments that were taken from excavations at Knidos, Burgaz, and Hisarönü. The Ethnography Hall displays weavings, carpets, kilims, furniture, copper kitchen tools, guns and ornamental pieces. Other areas in the museum are used as an art gallery, office and warehouse. The museum opens every day except Monday between the hours of 08:30-12:00 and 13:00-17.30.  

Marmaris Photos

Ekincik Cove Marmaris

Marmaris Center

Kamelya Island Marmaris

Beaches of Marmaris

Selimiye Marmaris

Bordubet Cove Marmaris

Marmaris Property For Sale


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3 Bedroom Luxury Villa in

Turkish Food Recipes

Vegetable Soup - Soup

Gozleme with Beef Filling - Pastries

Tea Time Pastry

Crispy Pastry - Pastries

Tea Time Pastry

Vermicelli Soup with Egg Sauce (Terbiyeli) - Soup

Fish Cooked in Milk - Other Main Courses

Main Course

Tahini Pastry - Other Desserts


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