It was first discovered in 1958 by J. Mellaart with further excavation works in 1961, 1963 and 1965. On the west side of the slope they discovered 13 layers and the earliest settlement on the first layer dates back to 5,500 BC which was proved using the Carbon 14 dating method test and shows prehistoric people, the first house architecture and first sacred structures.
Excavations have uncovered many skeletons, gifts left for the dead such as tools made from bones, coloured stones, sharp tools, stone axes and beads made from seashells. From the figurines found they gave insight to the beginnings of the Mother Goddess Cult and religious beliefs of that time. The figurines measure between 5 and 15cm high, are made from baked clay and stone and show females that are fat and buxom with large hips, with some giving birth and represent abundance and plenitude. Also found here were stone and clay axes, plates, figurines of the goddess of fertility, bracelets and necklaces, and black and brick coloured cups made from baked clay. The sharp tools they used were made from bones and the tips of arrows and spears from obsidian. No excavation work was carried out here until 1996 when Ian Hodder of the British Institute started and remains he found are at the Konya Archaeology Museum.
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