Citadel or Hisar in Bursa
Hisar was once the hub of Bursa and all that remains here now are a few run down Ottoman houses within its narrow lanes and parts of the medieval wall along its perimeter. As Atatürk Caddesi (Street) changes to Cemal Nadir Street, there are pedestrian ramps you can climb up to get to the Hisar plateau.You can walk along Orhangazi Street where artists live and work and at the very top of the climb up are the tombs of Sultans Osman and Orhan Gazi, side by side, overlooking the city they conquered. The tombs were badly damaged in 1855 by earthquake and restored by Sultan Abdul Aziz in typical late Ottoman style. They sit on the site that was once occupied by Byzantine church and all that remains there now are some parts of its mosaics.
Places to Visit in Citadel or Hisar Bursa
Zafer Plaza Shopping CenterAlong the way you will pass Zafer Plaza, a huge modern shopping mall, and a good place to stop for refreshments.
Tomb of Sultan Osman and Orhan Gazi
Clock TowerOn the north side of the Hisar is a terrace and clock-tower offering great views of the city and surrounding area with cafés on the path as you walk down to Cemal Nadir and Altıparmak Streets.
Shops in AltiparmakAltiparmak is where you will find most of the designer and upmarket stores along with a few cinemas. From here you can either walk west to Muradiye, the most direct route, or go inland and amble around the neighbourhood.
Alaeddin Mosque and Gates of CitadelThe lowest part of the circuit wall is at the exit of Pinarbasi Kapısı (Gate) where Orhan finally entered the city in 1326. From here you can walk parallel to the walls and re-enter at Zindan Gate where inside is the Alaeddin mosque that was built within 10 years of the conquest and is Bursa’s earliest mosque.
Cafes and Tea housesFollowing Hata Yurdu Street is an easier route taking you through more parkland with tea houses and cafés dotted here and there and then opening out at the public hospital. The cafes furthest away offer great views of the Muradiye district and the one at the end in part of the wall there has steps leading down to the Cilimboz Stream, Bursa’s second major stream.
Zeugma Museum Gaziantep
Derinkuyu Underground City
Aphrodisias Ancient City
Rafting on Dalaman River
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