During Assyrian times it was a flourishing trading town and sacred centre with a temple for Sin, god of the moon, which was later used by the Sabain cult, and today is occupied by the ruins of a Crusader fortress. It was here in 53 BC that the defeated Roman general Crassus was crucified and had molten gold poured into his mouth by the Parthians. Despite this the Romans converted Harran into an important centre of education which continued under the Byzantines and Arabs, who established a university here, and when the Mongols arrived in the 13th century they devastated everything.
There are tours to the ruins available from Sanliurfa or you can take the hourly dolmuş minibus from Sanlıurfa’s main bus station, or hire a taxi for a two-way trip plus waiting time. If you are driving, head for the Ataturk Dam and the village is 10km from there. Due to the intense summer heat it is recommended to visit out of season and at the Old Harran site there are a few cafés available and a place selling local handicrafts.
For accommodation there is an overpriced motel on the village bypass road and on the actual site a complex of restored beehive dwellings are on offer where you sleep on a mattress on the floor and it is very clean and offers good food.
Turkey Property For Sale
Turkish Food Recipes
Keskek or Pounded Meat-Wheat Dish - Red Meat Courses
Turkish Baklava - Other Desserts
Roasted Red Pepper Cheese Rolls - Vegetable Mezes
Leeks with Carrots and Olive Oil - Vegetable Courses
Turkish Walnut Cookies in Syrup - Other Desserts
Cocoa Cake - Cakes & Cookies