Places to Visit in Pamukkale
NekropolThis necropolis is the largest in Asia Minor, is at the northern end of the old centre and runs along both sides of the road for almost 2km. Limestone and marble were used to build the graves although marble was used mainly for the tombs. On the north side of the necropolis the graves and tombs date from early Christianity times and tombs that have architectural characteristics of houses are the most valuable here.
LaodikeiaLocated on the southern end of the Curuksu River this ancient site is also known as Laodiceia or Laodikya and is 13km south of Pamukkale. The city was founded by
Hierapolis Archaeology MuseumThese ancient Roman baths are one of the largest buildings in Hierapolis and became the museum in 1984 housing exhibits found in the area.
Great Turkish Bath ComplexThis is now part of the Pamukkale Museum which is south of the Thermal Baths, has the layout typical of the Roman period; at the entrance is a wide courtyard through which is a rectangular area with large halls on either side, and evidence here suggests the huge interior walls were once covered in marble. North and south of the main complex are two main halls which were used privately by the Emperor and also for ceremonies. The remains here date from the 2nd century BC.
Apollion TempleThe Temple foundations are close to the museum and were built on a spring dedicated to Pluto, the god of the underworld, and as this Plutonium spring still emits poisonous gasses today, a grate has been installed over the entrance to prevent nosey visitors from entering. It was the site of an ancient sacred cave where Apollo would meet the mother goddess Cybele and was believed that she would descend into the cave and not be affected by the toxic fumes. The upper part of the Temple dates from the 3rd century and is accessed via a wide staircase.
TheatreThis restored Roman theatre dates from the 2nd century and has stage buildings with elaborate reliefs and today is still in a good condition. Flavius began its construction in 62 AD and after a huge earthquake it was completed in 206 AD. It once seated 12,000 and was decorated with columns and statues which were uncovered during excavations and the back-stage walls have marble bas-reliefs. The theatre is still used as a venue hosting the International Pamukkale Song Festival every June where it can accommodate 7,000 spectators.
ChurchesPamukkale has a cathedral, a church with columns, two other churches in the centre that date from 6th and 7th centuries, with smaller chapels located at the northern end of the town.
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