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Black Sea or Karadeniz

Black Sea or Karadeniz
The Turkish name for this is “Karadeniz”, it lies to the north of Turkey and borders the regions of Marmara and Black Sea, and other countries bordering it are Bulgaria, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia, it also connects to the Sea of Marmara with the Bosphorus Strait to the south-west. Important ports on the Black Sea include Istanbul , Trabzon , Samsun , Sinop , Burgas, Varna, Constanza, Yalta, Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch, Novorossiysk, Sochi, Sukhumi, Poti, and Batumi.
  The Black Sea is an inland sea covering an area of approximately 420,000sq.km, reaches 2,206m at its deepest point, and below 200m the oxygen level in the water becomes so low that marine life below this is very limited and fish commonly found are the Black Sea turbot, gurnard and small sharks. In summer the water is warm and in winter it is very cold.
 The salinity is around 0.18%, this is because of the constant inflow of fresh water from the rivers that surround it, from the excess water flows on the surface from the Bosphorus and the warm, salty deep current waters of the Mediterranean, all of which maintain the stratification and salinity levels. The most important rivers that flow into the Black Sea are the Kizilirmak, Sakarya and Yesilirmak from Anatolia in the south and the Danube from north east. The Black Sea is one of the youngest seas in the world, it was a large fresh water lake 8,000 years ago, and its name probably derives from the colour of its deep waters.


 

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