The mediterranean Sea covers about 2,500,000sq.km and its shores were home to many ancient civilisations such as the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Lycians, Arabs, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans and its name comes from the Latin word “Medi” which means middle and “Terra” meaning land or place.
It has limited tides due to its narrow connection with the Atlantic, and an average depth of about 1,500m with its deepest point reaching 5,267m and the length of its coastline is approximately 46,000km.
Countries that border the mediterranean are: In Europe; Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Albania, Greece, and the European shores of Turkey. In Asia; Syria, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Egypt and the Asian shores of Turkey and in Africa; Egypt, Libya, Tunis, Algeria and Morocco. The largest islands in the mediterranean are Cyprus, Crete, Rhodes, Lesbos, Chios, Corfu, Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Malta, Ibiza, Majorca, and Minorca.
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